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双彩网论坛手机版 PropertyCondition&gt
发布时间:2019-06-04        浏览次数:        
c?VS2010测试功能之旅:编码的UI测试(2)-操作动作的录制原理(上)_知识库_博客园
回忆  在之前我们介绍了如何用VS2010的UI测试功能创建一个简单的示例,大致描述了如何使用编码的UI测试进行录制和回放,在这章会着重描述VS2010是如何录制操作,并且生成代码,以及初步介绍如何通过自己写代码的方式进行测试。  内容简介  在上一章我们已经介绍过,建立一个编码的UI测试CodedUITest1.cs,录制完成之后,会自动生成一个UIMap1.uitest文件。图1:录制完成后自动生成的UIMap1.uitest文件  事实上,在录制过程中起着关键作用的并非是CodedUITest1.cs,而是UIMap1.uitest,在录制过程中的所有代码都是生成在UIMap1.uitest,所有对于界面的操作,测试的判定也是在UIMap1.uitest文件完成,CodedUITest1.cs仅仅只是调用UIMap1.uitest中的方法(换言之只是个躯壳,编码的UI测试的灵魂还是在UIMap1.uitest)。  明白此点之后,接下来我们只需着重研究研究UIMap1.uitest即可,看看他是如何录制并生成代码的。   注:这一章的内容可能较之第一章比较难,在阅读的时候可尽量使用VS2010进行操作,便于理解。由于本章内容较长,分为两个部分,上部分介绍原理,下部分介绍通过修改UIMap1.uitest控制操作步骤代码的生成,估计在周六或者周日发出。   UIMap的录制与生成  第一我们新建一个测试项目:图2:新建项目   建成之后,(可以看到系统自动默认生成了一个UnitTest.cs,我们可以先将它删除),右击该项目,选择添加à添加新项(注意,不是添加测试,是添加新项),在新项中挑选Coded UI Test Map(编码的UI测试映射)。图3:添加编码的UI测试映射  现在我们建立了一个UIMap1.uitest(可以看到这个UIMap1.uitest还没有生成UIMap1.cs和UIMap1.Designer.cs)。图4:UIMap1.uitest  可以双击打开UIMap1.uitest,文件里面没有什么特别的内容:<?xml version="1.0"?><UITest xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" Name="" Id="3efe829a-76df-439e-af0d-8d5c62727a1e" AssemblyVersion="10.0.21008.0" Version="1.0" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/TeamTest/UITest/2010"></UITest>  右击该UIMap1.uitest,选则Edit With Coded UI Test Builder(使用编码的UI测试生成器进行编辑),接下来会弹出录制操作用的生成器。图5:Edit With Coded UI Test Builder  我们还是按照上一章中使用的示例程序和操作步骤进行录制四个方法InputErrorUidPwd()、AssertErrorWinow()、InputRightUidPwd()、AssertRightWinow(),(可再添加一个方法CloseWindow(),关闭这个示例程序,上一章没有提到)操作完毕之后,生成代码,我们可以看到UIMap1.cs和UIMap1.Designer.cs已经自动生成,而实际有生成代码的文件为UIMap1.uitest和UIMap1.Designer.cs,UIMap1.cs则为空。  现在可以一个个进去看看生成的代码(注:由于录制过程中的操作步骤每个人都可能有细微差别,例如点击坐标,这里我录的示例和大家实验的时候自己录的可能存在一些区别,你懂的)。   首先是UIMap1.uitest,大家可以看到这里的代码实在是多得看不清,如果觉得阅读比较困难,可以跳过此段,先看看解释说明,然后再回来看。  UIMap.uitestView Code <?xml version="1.0"?><UITest xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" Name="" Id="3efe829a-76df-439e-af0d-8d5c62727a1e" AssemblyVersion="10.0.21008.0" Version="1.0" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/TeamTest/UITest/2010"> <Configuration> <Group Name="IE"> <Setting Name="Version" Value="8.0.6001.18702" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="InformationBar" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="AutoCompletePassword" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="AutoCompleteForm" Value="no" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="DefaultBrowser" Value="IEXPLORE.EXE" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="PopupBlocker" Value="1" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="TabbedBrowsing" Value="0" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="InternetZoneSecurity" Value="66816" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="IntranetZoneSecurity" Value="69632" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="TrustedZoneSecurity" Value="70912" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="RestrictedZoneSecurity" Value="73728" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="PhishingFilter" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="EnhancedSecurityConfiguration" WarningLevel="1" /> </Group> <Group Name="OS"> <Setting Name="Name" Value="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="Version" Value="Microsoft Windows NT 5.1.2600 Service Pack 3" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="IsUserAdmin" Value="True" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="Is64BitOperatingSystem" Value="False" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="IsTerminalServerSession" Value="False" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="OSLanguage" Value="1033" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="UserLocale" Value="1033" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="DragFullWindows" Value="True" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="ScreenResolutionWidth" Value="1440" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="ScreenResolutionHeight" Value="900" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="SystemDPIX" Value="96" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="SystemDPIY" Value="96" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="Aero" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="UACEnabled" WarningLevel="2" /> <Setting Name="UACPromptEnabled" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="WindowsAccessibilityAPIVersion" Value="2.0" WarningLevel="1" /> </Group> <Group Name="TechnologyManagers"> <Setting Name="Web" WarningLevel="1" /> <Setting Name="UIA" WarningLevel="1" /> </Group> </Configuration> <InitializeActions /> <ExecuteActions> <SetValueAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 系统登录Window.UITbx_uidWindow.UITbx_uidEdit"> <ParameterName /> <Value Encoded="false">errorUid</Value> <Type>String</Type> </SetValueAction> <SetValueAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 系统登录Window.UITbx_pwdWindow.UITbx_pwdEdit"> <ParameterName /> <Value Encoded="false">errorPwd</Value> <Type>String</Type> </SetValueAction> <MouseAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 系统登录Window.UI登录Window.UI登录Button"> <ParameterName /> <ModifierKeys>None</ModifierKeys> <IsGlobalHotkey>false</IsGlobalHotkey> <Location X="25" Y="6" /> <WheelDirection>0</WheelDirection> <ActionType>Click</ActionType> <MouseButton>Left</MouseButton> </MouseAction> <TestStepMarkerAction MarkerInformation="InputErrorUidPwd"> <ParameterName /> <StepId>-1</StepId> <Direction>Start</Direction> <Outcome /> <Disabled>false</Disabled> <WorkItemId>0</WorkItemId> <MarkerRegionType>Action</MarkerRegionType> </TestStepMarkerAction> <AssertAction UIObjectName="UIMap.UI 提示Window.UI用户名或密码错误Window.UI用户名或密码错误Text"> <ParameterName /> <PropertyName>Exists</PropertyName> <ExpectedValue>True</ExpectedValue> <Type>Boolean</Type> <PropertyCondition>AreEqual</PropertyCondition> </AssertAction> <TestStepMarkerAction MarkerInformation="AssertErrorWinow"> <ParameterName /> <StepId>-1</StepId> <Direction>Start</Direction> <Outcome /> <Disabled>false</Disabled> <WorkItemId>0</WorkItemId> <MarkerRegionType>Assertion</MarkerRegionType> </TestStepMarkerAction> <MouseAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 提示Window.UIOKWindow.UIOKButton"> <ParameterName /> <ModifierKeys>None</ModifierKeys> <IsGlobalHotkey>false</IsGlobalHotkey> <Location X="22" Y="19" /> <WheelDirection>0</WheelDirection> <ActionType>Click</ActionType> <MouseButton>Left</MouseButton> </MouseAction> <SetValueAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 系统登录Window.UITbx_uidWindow.UITbx_uidEdit"> <ParameterName /> <Value Encoded="false">Admin</Value> <Type>String</Type> </SetValueAction> <SetValueAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 系统登录Window.UITbx_pwdWindow.UITbx_pwdEdit"> <ParameterName /> <Value Encoded="false">123456</Value> <Type>String</Type> </SetValueAction> <MouseAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 系统登录Window.UI登录Window.UI登录Button"> <ParameterName /> <ModifierKeys>None</ModifierKeys> <IsGlobalHotkey>false</IsGlobalHotkey> <Location X="39" Y="8" /> <WheelDirection>0</WheelDirection> <ActionType>Click</ActionType> <MouseButton>Left</MouseButton> </MouseAction> <TestStepMarkerAction MarkerInformation="InputRightUidPwd"> <ParameterName /> <StepId>-1</StepId> <Direction>Start</Direction> <Outcome /> <Disabled>false</Disabled> <WorkItemId>0</WorkItemId> <MarkerRegionType>Action</MarkerRegionType> </TestStepMarkerAction> <AssertAction UIObjectName="UIMap.UI 提示Window.UI用户名或密码错误Window.UI登陆成功Text"> <ParameterName /> <PropertyName>Exists</PropertyName> <ExpectedValue>True</ExpectedValue> <Type>Boolean</Type> <PropertyCondition>AreEqual</PropertyCondition> </AssertAction> <TestStepMarkerAction MarkerInformation="AssertRightWinow"> <ParameterName /> <StepId>-1</StepId> <Direction>Start</Direction> <Outcome /> <Disabled>false</Disabled> <WorkItemId>0</WorkItemId> <MarkerRegionType>Assertion</MarkerRegionType> </TestStepMarkerAction> <MouseAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 提示Window.UIOKWindow.UIOKButton"> <ParameterName /> <ModifierKeys>None</ModifierKeys> <IsGlobalHotkey>false</IsGlobalHotkey> <Location X="28" Y="13" /> <WheelDirection>0</WheelDirection> <ActionType>Click</ActionType> <MouseButton>Left</MouseButton> </MouseAction> <MouseAction UIObjectName="UIMap1.UI 系统登录Window.UI系统登录TitleBar.UICloseButton"> <ParameterName /> <ModifierKeys>None</ModifierKeys> <IsGlobalHotkey>false</IsGlobalHotkey> <Location X="9" Y="11" /> <WheelDirection>0</WheelDirection> <ActionType>Click</ActionType> <MouseButton>Left</MouseButton> </MouseAction> <TestStepMarkerAction MarkerInformation="CloseWindow"> <ParameterName /> <StepId>-1</StepId> <Direction>Start</Direction> <Outcome /> <Disabled>false</Disabled> <WorkItemId>0</WorkItemId> <MarkerRegionType>Action</MarkerRegionType> </TestStepMarkerAction> </ExecuteActions> <CleanupActions /> <OnErrorActions /> <Maps> <UIMap Id="UIMap1"> <TopLevelWindows> <TopLevelWindow ControlType="Window" Id="UI 系统登录Window" FriendlyName="系统登录" SpecialControlType="None" SessionId="154362"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="Name"& gt;系统登录</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ClassName" Operator="Contains">WindowsForms10.Window</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Window</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants> <UIObject ControlType="Window" Id="UITbx_uidWindow" FriendlyName="Tbx_uid" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlName">Tbx_uid</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Window</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants> <UIObject ControlType="Edit" Id="UITbx_uidEdit" FriendlyName="Tbx_uid" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="Name"& gt;密码 :</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Edit</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants /> </UIObject> </Descendants> </UIObject> <UIObject ControlType="Window" Id="UITbx_pwdWindow" FriendlyName="Tbx_pwd" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlName">Tbx_pwd</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Window</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants> <UIObject ControlType="Edit" Id="UITbx_pwdEdit" FriendlyName="Tbx_pwd" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Edit</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants /> </UIObject> </Descendants> </UIObject> <UIObject ControlType="Window" Id="UI 登录Window" FriendlyName="登录" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlName">Btn_Login</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Window</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants> <UIObject ControlType="Button" Id="UI 登录Button" FriendlyName="登录" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="Name"& gt;登录</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Button</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants /> </UIObject> </Descendants> </UIObject> <UIObject ControlType="TitleBar" Id="UI 系统登录TitleBar" FriendlyName="系统登录" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">TitleBar</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants> <UIObject ControlType="Button" Id="UICloseButton" FriendlyName="Close" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 系统登录</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="Name">Close</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Button</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants /> </UIObject> </Descendants> </UIObject> </Descendants> </TopLevelWindow> <TopLevelWindow ControlType="Window" Id="UI 提示Window" FriendlyName="提示" SpecialControlType="None" SessionId="1203022"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 提示</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="Name"& gt;提示</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ClassName">#32770</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Window</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>1</SupportLevel> <Descendants> <UIObject ControlType="Window" Id="UI 用户名或密码错误Window" FriendlyName="用户名或密码错误!" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 提示</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlId">65535</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Window</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>1</SupportLevel> <Descendants> <UIObject ControlType="Text" Id="UI 用户名或密码错误Text" FriendlyName="用户名或密码错误!" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 提示</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="Name"& gt;用户名或密码错误!</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Text</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>1</SupportLevel> <Descendants /> </UIObject> <UIObject ControlType="Text" Id="UI 登陆成功Text" FriendlyName="登陆成功!" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 提示</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="Name"& gt;登陆成功!</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Text</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>1</SupportLevel> <Descendants /> </UIObject> </Descendants> </UIObject> <UIObject ControlType="Window" Id="UIOKWindow" FriendlyName="OK" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 提示</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlId">2</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Window</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants> <UIObject ControlType="Button" Id="UIOKButton" FriendlyName="OK" SpecialControlType="None"> <TechnologyName>MSAA</TechnologyName> <WindowTitles> <WindowTitle> 提示</WindowTitle> </WindowTitles> <SearchConfigurations> <SearchConfiguration>VisibleOnly</SearchConfiguration> </SearchConfigurations> <AndCondition Id="SearchCondition"> <PropertyCondition Name="Name">OK</PropertyCondition> <PropertyCondition Name="ControlType">Button</PropertyCondition> </AndCondition> <SupportLevel>0</SupportLevel> <Descendants /> </UIObject> </Descendants> </UIObject> </Descendants> </TopLevelWindow> </TopLevelWindows> </UIMap> </Maps> <ValueMap> <ParameterList /> </ValueMap></UITest>  其实UIMap1.uitest这个XML的文件结构如下:<UITest>   <Configuration>… </Configuration>   <InitializeActions>…</InitializeActions>   <ExecuteActions>…</ExecuteActions>   <CleanupActions>…</CleanupActions>   <OnErrorActions>…</OnErrorActions>   <Maps>…</Maps>   <ValueMap>…</ValueMap> </UITest>  这里做一个简单的说明:  Configuration:是对环境进行一个描述和配置,对测试几乎没有影响,可以忽略。  InitializeActions,ExecuteActions,CleanupActions,OnErrorAction:其中InitializeActions指初始化需要执行的操作,ExecuteActions指测试过程中的操作(目前我们所通过录制所生成的操作都默认放在ExecuteActions,大家现在可以回过去仔细看看ExecuteActions节点的内容),CleanupActions指测试完毕需要清理资源的Actions,而OnErrorAction则指代反常处理Actions。  Maps:是我们需要关注的对象库,我们操作过程中所识别的所有控件都是会存放到这里的,对象识别我会在第三章的时候提及。  ValueMap:是值映射,类似于参数记载,实际功能也不是特别大。   在这些节点中,真正起到实际作用的是Actions和Maps。   之后我们再来查看UIMap1.Designer.cs,同样,觉得会看晕的可直接跳过,之后回来再看。  UIMap1.Designer.csView Code // ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ // <auto-generated> // This code was generated by coded UI test builder. // Version: 10.0.0.0 // // Changes to this file may cause incorrect behavior and will be lost if // the code is regenerated. // </auto-generated> // ------------------------------------------------------------------------------namespace TestProject1.UIMap1Classes{ using System; using System.CodeDom.Compiler; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Drawing; using System.Text.RegularExpressions; using System.Windows.Input; using Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UITest.Extension; using Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UITesting; using Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UITesting.WinControls; using Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UnitTesting; using Keyboard = Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UITesting.Keyboard; using Mouse = Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UITesting.Mouse; using MouseButtons = System.Windows.Forms.MouseButtons; [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public partial class UIMap1 { /// <summary> /// InputErrorUidPwd - Use 'InputErrorUidPwdParams' to pass parameters into this method. /// </summary> public void InputErrorUidPwd() { #region Variable Declarations WinEdit uITbx_uidEdit = this.UI 系统登录Window.UITbx_uidWindow.UITbx_uidEdit; WinEdit uITbx_pwdEdit = this.UI 系统登录Window.UITbx_pwdWindow.UITbx_pwdEdit; WinButton uI 登录Button = this.UI系统登录Window.UI登录Window.UI登录Button; #endregion // Type 'errorUid' in 'Tbx_uid' text box uITbx_uidEdit.Text = this.InputErrorUidPwdParams.UITbx_uidEditText; // Type 'errorPwd' in 'Tbx_pwd' text box uITbx_pwdEdit.Text = this.InputErrorUidPwdParams.UITbx_pwdEditText; // Click ' 登录' button Mouse.Click(uI登录Button, new Point(25, 6)); } /// <summary> /// AssertErrorWinow - Use 'AssertErrorWinowExpectedValues' to pass parameters into this method. /// </summary> public void AssertErrorWinow() { #region Variable Declarations WinText uI 用户名或密码错误Text = this.UI提示Window.UI用户名或密码错误Window.UI用户名或密码错误Text; #endregion // Verify that ' 用户名或密码错误!' label's property 'Exists' equals 'True' Assert.AreEqual(this.AssertErrorWinowExpectedValues.UI 用户名或密码错误TextExists, uI用户名或密码错误Text.Exists); } /// <summary> /// InputRightUidPwd - Use 'InputRightUidPwdParams' to pass parameters into this method. /// </summary> public void InputRightUidPwd() { #region Variable Declarations WinButton uIOKButton = this.UI 提示Window.UIOKWindow.UIOKButton; WinEdit uITbx_uidEdit = this.UI 系统登录Window.UITbx_uidWindow.UITbx_uidEdit; WinEdit uITbx_pwdEdit = this.UI 系统登录Window.UITbx_pwdWindow.UITbx_pwdEdit; WinButton uI 登录Button = this.UI系统登录Window.UI登录Window.UI登录Button; #endregion // Click 'OK' button Mouse.Click(uIOKButton, new Point(22, 19)); // Type 'Admin' in 'Tbx_uid' text box uITbx_uidEdit.Text = this.InputRightUidPwdParams.UITbx_uidEditText; // Type '123456' in 'Tbx_pwd' text box uITbx_pwdEdit.Text = this.InputRightUidPwdParams.UITbx_pwdEditText; // Click ' 登录' button Mouse.Click(uI登录Button, new Point(39, 8)); } /// <summary> /// AssertRightWinow - Use 'AssertRightWinowExpectedValues' to pass parameters into this method. /// </summary> public void AssertRightWinow() { #region Variable Declarations WinText uI 登陆成功Text = this.UI提示Window.UI用户名或密码错误Window.UI登陆成功Text; #endregion // Verify that ' 登陆成功!' label's property 'Exists' equals 'True' Assert.AreEqual(this.AssertRightWinowExpectedValues.UI 登陆成功TextExists, uI登陆成功Text.Exists); } /// <summary> /// CloseWindow /// </summary> public void CloseWindow() { #region Variable Declarations WinButton uIOKButton = this.UI 提示Window.UIOKWindow.UIOKButton; WinButton uICloseButton = this.UI 系统登录Window.UI系统登录TitleBar.UICloseButton; #endregion // Click 'OK' button Mouse.Click(uIOKButton, new Point(28, 13)); // Click 'Close' button Mouse.Click(uICloseButton, new Point(9, 11)); } #region Properties public virtual InputErrorUidPwdParams InputErrorUidPwdParams { get { if ((this.mInputErrorUidPwdParams == null)) { this.mInputErrorUidPwdParams = new InputErrorUidPwdParams(); } return this.mInputErrorUidPwdParams; } } public virtual AssertErrorWinowExpectedValues AssertErrorWinowExpectedValues { get { if ((this.mAssertErrorWinowExpectedValues == null)) { this.mAssertErrorWinowExpectedValues = new AssertErrorWinowExpectedValues(); } return this.mAssertErrorWinowExpectedValues; } } public virtual InputRightUidPwdParams InputRightUidPwdParams { get { if ((this.mInputRightUidPwdParams == null)) { this.mInputRightUidPwdParams = new InputRightUidPwdParams(); } return this.mInputRightUidPwdParams; } } public virtual AssertRightWinowExpectedValues AssertRightWinowExpectedValues { get { if ((this.mAssertRightWinowExpectedValues == null)) { this.mAssertRightWinowExpectedValues = new AssertRightWinowExpectedValues(); } return this.mAssertRightWinowExpectedValues; } } public UI 系统登录Window UI系统登录Window { get { if ((this.mUI 系统登录Window == null)) { this.mUI 系统登录Window = new UI系统登录Window(); } return this.mUI 系统登录Window; } } public UI 提示Window UI提示Window { get { if ((this.mUI 提示Window == null)) { this.mUI 提示Window = new UI提示Window(); } return this.mUI 提示Window; } } #endregion #region Fields private InputErrorUidPwdParams mInputErrorUidPwdParams; private AssertErrorWinowExpectedValues mAssertErrorWinowExpectedValues; private InputRightUidPwdParams mInputRightUidPwdParams; private AssertRightWinowExpectedValues mAssertRightWinowExpectedValues; private UI 系统登录Window mUI系统登录Window; private UI提示 Window mUI提示Window; #endregion } /// <summary> /// Parameters to be passed into 'InputErrorUidPwd' /// </summary> [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class InputErrorUidPwdParams { #region Fields /// <summary> /// Type 'errorUid' in 'Tbx_uid' text box /// </summary> public string UITbx_uidEditText = "errorUid"; /// <summary> /// Type 'errorPwd' in 'Tbx_pwd' text box /// </summary> public string UITbx_pwdEditText = "errorPwd"; #endregion } /// <summary> /// Parameters to be passed into 'AssertErrorWinow' /// </summary> [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class AssertErrorWinowExpectedValues { #region Fields /// <summary> /// Verify that ' 用户名或密码错误!' label's property 'Exists' equals 'True' /// </summary> public bool UI 用户名或密码错误TextExists = true; #endregion } /// <summary> /// Parameters to be passed into 'InputRightUidPwd' /// </summary> [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class InputRightUidPwdParams { #region Fields /// <summary> /// Type 'Admin' in 'Tbx_uid' text box /// </summary> public string UITbx_uidEditText = "Admin"; /// <summary> /// Type '123456' in 'Tbx_pwd' text box /// </summary> public string UITbx_pwdEditText = "123456"; #endregion } /// <summary> /// Parameters to be passed into 'AssertRightWinow' /// </summary> [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder",金凤凰玄机, "10.0.30319.1")] public class AssertRightWinowExpectedValues { #region Fields /// <summary> /// Verify that ' 登陆成功!' label's property 'Exists' equals 'True' /// </summary> public bool UI 登陆成功TextExists = true; #endregion } [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class UI 系统登录Window : WinWindow { public UI 系统登录Window() { #region Search Criteria this.SearchProperties[WinWindow.PropertyNames.Name] = " 系统登录"; this.SearchProperties.Add(new PropertyExpression(WinWindow.PropertyNames.ClassName, "WindowsForms10.Window", PropertyExpressionOperator.Contains)); this.WindowTitles.Add(" 系统登录"); #endregion } #region Properties public UITbx_uidWindow UITbx_uidWindow { get { if ((this.mUITbx_uidWindow == null)) { this.mUITbx_uidWindow = new UITbx_uidWindow(this); } return this.mUITbx_uidWindow; } } public UITbx_pwdWindow UITbx_pwdWindow { get { if ((this.mUITbx_pwdWindow == null)) { this.mUITbx_pwdWindow = new UITbx_pwdWindow(this); } return this.mUITbx_pwdWindow; } } public UI 登录Window UI登录Window { get { if ((this.mUI 登录Window == null)) { this.mUI 登录Window = new UI登录Window(this); } return this.mUI 登录Window; } } public UI 系统登录TitleBar UI系统登录TitleBar { get { if ((this.mUI 系统登录TitleBar == null)) { this.mUI 系统登录TitleBar = new UI系统登录TitleBar(this); } return this.mUI 系统登录TitleBar; } } #endregion #region Fields private UITbx_uidWindow mUITbx_uidWindow; private UITbx_pwdWindow mUITbx_pwdWindow; private UI 登录Window mUI登录Window; private UI系统登录 TitleBar mUI系统登录TitleBar; #endregion } [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class UITbx_uidWindow : WinWindow { public UITbx_uidWindow(UITestControl searchLimitContainer) : base(searchLimitContainer) { #region Search Criteria this.SearchProperties[WinWindow.PropertyNames.ControlName] = "Tbx_uid"; this.WindowTitles.Add(" 系统登录"); #endregion } #region Properties public WinEdit UITbx_uidEdit { get { if ((this.mUITbx_uidEdit == null)) { this.mUITbx_uidEdit = new WinEdit(this); #region Search Criteria this.mUITbx_uidEdit.SearchProperties[WinEdit.PropertyNames.Name] = " 密码 :"; this.mUITbx_uidEdit.WindowTitles.Add(" 系统登录"); #endregion } return this.mUITbx_uidEdit; } } #endregion #region Fields private WinEdit mUITbx_uidEdit; #endregion } [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class UITbx_pwdWindow : WinWindow { public UITbx_pwdWindow(UITestControl searchLimitContainer) : base(searchLimitContainer) { #region Search Criteria this.SearchProperties[WinWindow.PropertyNames.ControlName] = "Tbx_pwd"; this.WindowTitles.Add(" 系统登录"); #endregion } #region Properties public WinEdit UITbx_pwdEdit { get { if ((this.mUITbx_pwdEdit == null)) { this.mUITbx_pwdEdit = new WinEdit(this); #region Search Criteria this.mUITbx_pwdEdit.WindowTitles.Add(" 系统登录"); #endregion } return this.mUITbx_pwdEdit; } } #endregion #region Fields private WinEdit mUITbx_pwdEdit; #endregion } [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder",特马网站, "10.0.30319.1")] public class UI 登录Window : WinWindow { public UI 登录Window(UITestControl searchLimitContainer) : base(searchLimitContainer) { #region Search Criteria this.SearchProperties[WinWindow.PropertyNames.ControlName] = "Btn_Login"; this.WindowTitles.Add(" 系统登录"); #endregion } #region Properties public WinButton UI 登录Button { get { if ((this.mUI 登录Button == null)) { this.mUI 登录Button = new WinButton(this); #region Search Criteria this.mUI 登录Button.SearchProperties[WinButton.PropertyNames.Name] = "登录"; this.mUI 登录Button.WindowTitles.Add("系统登录"); #endregion } return this.mUI 登录Button; } } #endregion #region Fields private WinButton mUI 登录Button; #endregion } [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class UI 系统登录TitleBar : WinTitleBar { public UI 系统登录TitleBar(UITestControl searchLimitContainer) : base(searchLimitContainer) { #region Search Criteria this.WindowTitles.Add(" 系统登录"); #endregion } #region Properties public WinButton UICloseButton { get { if ((this.mUICloseButton == null)) { this.mUICloseButton = new WinButton(this); #region Search Criteria this.mUICloseButton.SearchProperties[WinButton.PropertyNames.Name] = "Close"; this.mUICloseButton.WindowTitles.Add(" 系统登录"); #endregion } return this.mUICloseButton; } } #endregion #region Fields private WinButton mUICloseButton; #endregion } [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class UI 提示Window : WinWindow { public UI 提示Window() { #region Search Criteria this.SearchProperties[WinWindow.PropertyNames.Name] = " 提示"; this.SearchProperties[WinWindow.PropertyNames.ClassName] = "#32770"; this.WindowTitles.Add(" 提示"); #endregion } #region Properties public UI 用户名或密码错误Window UI用户名或密码错误Window { get { if ((this.mUI 用户名或密码错误Window == null)) { this.mUI 用户名或密码错误Window = new UI用户名或密码错误Window(this); } return this.mUI 用户名或密码错误Window; } } public UIOKWindow UIOKWindow { get { if ((this.mUIOKWindow == null)) { this.mUIOKWindow = new UIOKWindow(this); } return this.mUIOKWindow; } } #endregion #region Fields private UI 用户名或密码错误Window mUI用户名或密码错误Window; private UIOKWindow mUIOKWindow; #endregion } [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class UI 用户名或密码错误Window : WinWindow { public UI 用户名或密码错误Window(UITestControl searchLimitContainer) : base(searchLimitContainer) { #region Search Criteria this.SearchProperties[WinWindow.PropertyNames.ControlId] = "65535"; this.WindowTitles.Add(" 提示"); #endregion } #region Properties public WinText UI 用户名或密码错误Text { get { if ((this.mUI 用户名或密码错误Text == null)) { this.mUI 用户名或密码错误Text = new WinText(this); #region Search Criteria this.mUI 用户名或密码错误Text.SearchProperties[WinText.PropertyNames.Name] = "用户名或密码错误!"; this.mUI 用户名或密码错误Text.WindowTitles.Add("提示"); #endregion } return this.mUI 用户名或密码错误Text; } } public WinText UI 登陆成功Text { get { if ((this.mUI 登陆成功Text == null)) { this.mUI 登陆成功Text = new WinText(this); #region Search Criteria this.mUI 登陆成功Text.SearchProperties[WinText.PropertyNames.Name] = "登陆成功!"; this.mUI 登陆成功Text.WindowTitles.Add("提示"); #endregion } return this.mUI 登陆成功Text; } } #endregion #region Fields private WinText mUI 用户名或密码错误Text; private WinText mUI登陆成功 Text; #endregion } [GeneratedCode("Coded UITest Builder", "10.0.30319.1")] public class UIOKWindow : WinWindow { public UIOKWindow(UITestControl searchLimitContainer) : base(searchLimitContainer) { #region Search Criteria this.SearchProperties[WinWindow.PropertyNames.ControlId] = "2"; this.WindowTitles.Add(" 提示"); #endregion } #region Properties public WinButton UIOKButton { get { if ((this.mUIOKButton == null)) { this.mUIOKButton = new WinButton(this); #region Search Criteria this.mUIOKButton.SearchProperties[WinButton.PropertyNames.Name] = "OK"; this.mUIOKButton.WindowTitles.Add(" 提示"); #endregion } return this.mUIOKButton; } } #endregion #region Fields private WinButton mUIOKButton; #endregion }}  UIMap1.Designer.cs这个文件结构如下:图6:UIMap1.Designer.cs  我们可以用UIMap1.uitest上的内容和UIMap1.Designer.cs上的内容做个对比,可以明显的发现他们之间有一定的对应性,那么疑问就产生了,我们在录制的时候,究竟先生成UIMap1.uitest还是UIMap1.Designer.cs?在对界面操作的代码中,他们哪个起作用?   为了说明这个,就得提到编码的UI测试操作步骤的录制原理,这里会按步骤说明:  (1)首先我们打开了录制生成器。  (2)使用录制生成器录制操作,对于每一个操作动作,录制生成器会根据你所进行的操作,解析被操作的对象(控件),并分析操作动作,并将对象(控件)的关键标识属性和操作动作按录制顺序存放在内存中。  (3)停止录制。  (4)点击“生成代码”按钮,录制生成器会读取之前放在内存中的对象(控件)的关键标识属性和操作动作按XML的形式存放在UIMap1.uitest里。  (5)之后代码生成器通过解析UIMap1.uitest,再生成UIMap1.Designer.cs。  然后进行回放的时候,真正在起作用其实的是UIMap1.Designer.cs,UIMap1.uitest的作用仅仅是用于生成UIMap1.Designer.cs。  我想介绍到这里很多曾经使用过VS2010编码UI测试的朋友应该明白了,为什么自己在UIMap1.Designer.cs添加或者删除的代码,在打开录制生成器之后,重新点击“生成代码”,之前的修改就消逝了,原因就是因为UIMap1.Designer.cs里面的代码是根据UIMap1.uitest生成的。   因此,如果要想编写自定义代码,可以通过两种途径。  (1)通过修改UIMap1.uitest来控制UIMap1.Designer.cs代码的生成。  (2)将代码写到非UIMap1.Designer.cs文件的其他地方。   在本章的第二部分,将介绍如何通过修改UIMap1.uitest来控制UIMap1.Designer.cs代码的生成,预计可能在本周六或者周日发布,敬请关注~   PS:如何调用UIMap1.Designer.cs中的方法,这个时候可以新建一个CodedUItest.cs,取消录制,写一个这样的调用即可。[TestMethod]public void CodedUITestMethod1(){ UIMap1Classes.UIMap1 uimap1 = new UIMap1Classes.UIMap1(); uimap1.InputErrorUidPwd(); uimap1.AssertErrorWinow(); uimap1.InputRightUidPwd(); uimap1.AssertRightWinow(); uimap1.CloseWindow();}